Archive for December, 2013

22
Dec
13

Port Privatization Affects Port Performance in Asia and America

by Muhamad Rizal Avif Khan, Liverpool John Moores University

It is widely recognized that port is the heart of international freight trade and transportation. Alderton (2008, p.2) considered it as one of the most substantial aspect of a national transport infrastructure. As the gate of freights and commodities penetrating to a specific area, it plays major role in logistic trades, both in regional and international. Economic growth is also influenced by port performance. Lim (2005) stated that the port really affects for the regional economy in every facet. It is a major economic multiplier for the nation’s wealth (Alderton 2008, p.2). Hence, a port should be well managed to improve its performance and give positive impact to economy and trade acceleration. Continue reading ‘Port Privatization Affects Port Performance in Asia and America’

22
Dec
13

Evolution of Trade Laws

by Muhamad Rizal Avif Khan, Liverpool John Moores University

Freight shipping is acknowledged as one of the most global business, since maritime trade is at the peak of world economic activity (Stopford, 1997 p.2). When cargo owners devise to transport their cargo from one port to another, they need a shipowner or shipping agent to provide cargo vessels. Concomitantly, when shipowner promise to provide their vessels for the purpose of carrying freight by sea, an affreightment contract, a contract between shipowners and other parties to carry goods using their vessel (Wikipedia, 2013a), is a requirement to synchronize comprehension of the cooperation and to be a reference of decision if such problem occurs. This type of contract is under the umbrella of law of carriage by sea. Continue reading ‘Evolution of Trade Laws’




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struggling for whole happiness "Muhamad Rizal Avif Khan"
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